Thamizhar Mattu Pongal – Jallikattu Festival History, Images 2018

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Mattu Pongal:

Mattu Pongal is the third day of the four-day Thai Pongal festival. According to the Gregorian calendar, it is normally celebrated on January 15 but sometimes it is celebrated on January 16. In Tamil Calendar, this corresponds to the second day of the Tamil month Thai. Check out this Mattu Pongal images below 

Maatu Pongal
Mattu Pongal
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Mattu Pongal

The significance of Mattu Pongal:

Mattu Pongal is part of the harvest festival. In Tamil, the word “Mattu” means Bull and this day of the festival is for thanking the cattle which played a vital role with the farmers during agriculture work throughout the year. In rural agricultural families, Cattle are treated as one of the family members and will be given names.

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Maatu Pongal
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Observance

Tamil people offer poojas to their cattle especially Bulls which is tamed by them. In Tamilnadu, each place has their own breed. Some of the popular breeds are Alambadi, Kangeyam, Mayilai, etc.

Like the first day of Pongal celebration on this day also people cook Pongal and offer it to Cattle.

On the Mattu Pongal day cattle are washed, their horns painted and decorated with shining metal caps. Turmeric and Kumkum are also devotionally put on their foreheads of the Cattle.

Jallikattu

The main event of Mattu Pongal is “Jallikattu” or “Manju virathu”. It is a Bull taming sport usually conducted on Mattu Pongal day. This sport is very popular in southern Tamil Nadu especially Madurai. There are various rock paintings in various parts of Tamilnadu which shows that this sport is happening from around 2000 B.C to 1500 B.C.

In this sport clothes, Garland or Money will be tied in the horns of the Bull and let loose in the open ground. Bulls are trained specially for this occasion. Young men waiting in the ground will try to grab hold of the Bull with its horn and if anyone managed to hold for the particular time they will be declared winners. Various prizes will be given to the winners If no one able to grab a particular Bull the prize will be given to the owner of Bull.

In various countries, this kind of sports is happening but only in “Jallikattu”, the Bull will be alive at the end. The Bulls and participants are checked by govt doctors before and after the event. Some of the Popular places where Jallikattu takes place is Alanganallur, Avaniyapuram, Palamedu.

Various organizations tried to stop this ancient sport by creating misleading allegations. But with the help of Students and general people who took protests against the ban, Jallikattu once again started last year and will be happening every year.

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